The Tefillin, "Phylacteries" "Frontlets"




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The children of Israel "Jews" around the world use the frontlts or the tefllin till this day. The following text explains the structure and how the Israelites use it. They name it also (Tefillin) instead of Tefllin or the Frontlets, or the Phylacteries. The Tefllin box that contains the holy scriptures must be placed on the forehead and the strap must be wrapped around the left arm. If the person is missing an arm he could wrap it on the right arm instead.

For more information about the structure of the Tefillin, frontlets visit this site.


The structure of the frontlets and its holy scriptures. The Israelites use the frontlets, which it means the Phylactery or the Tefillin until this day. The following text explains its structure and how the Israelites use it.

The picture below shows the scrolls inside the Tefillin leather box. This Phylacteries' box that contains the scrolls must be placed on the left arm and the other one on the forehead also. Tefillin place the scrolls in five compartments in the same leather box.


Shel Yad




Kadesh li section

Vehaya ki y'viecha section

Shema section

Vehayah im shamoa section

The above four scrolls' pictures are placed in the Tefillin box that is placed on the forehead.

The word Frontlets or the Phylacteries is written in Ex 13: 16, Deut 6: 8, 11: 18, Matthew 23: 5. The frontlets is made of a small square box that contains four written passages of Scriptures, which are from Ex 13: 2 to 10, Ex 13 11 to 17, Deut 6: 4 to 9, Deut 6: 13 to 23. The ink is prepared specially for this purpose. The small black cubic box measures around 3x3 inches, this box is made of black calfskin, which is attached with two straps pieces of leathers that measure one and half cubits long each. The black leather box that contains the written scriptures is placed on the personís head and the two straps descend toward the left arm and must be wrapped around until it reach the hand, then what is left from the strap must be wrapped around the fingers also. The Pharisees use the frontlets as lucky charm and as Godís commandments. Jesus = (Yeshua) spoke about it in Matthew 23: 5, refers that the Pharisees use much Phylactery (Frontlets) all the time, which is unoccupied customs, Mark 7: 3 to 4, Luke 5: 33, the Pharisees wore them always but the people wore them only for prays.


The frontletsí strap must be wrapped around the left arm. If the person is missing his left arm he could wrap it around his right arm instead.


The Tefillin that is placed around the arm contains one scroll in one compartments. The Tefillin that is placed on the forehead that contains the four scrolls has four compartments in the same leather box.


Four-Headed Shin on batim


grooves in the head tefillin

inside the head tefillin








The above pictures show the inside and outside views of the Tefillin's black leather box.







For more information about the structure of the Tefillin, frontlets visit this site.


The source of the following text is from this site

The following scriptures are the four passages that are in the Frontlets = Tefllin = Tefillin = "Phylacteries" that is placed on the forehead

2 Sanctify unto me every firstborn that opens the womb among the children of Israel, as well of men as of beasts: for they are all mine. 3 And Moses said to the people: Remember this day in which you came forth out of Egypt, and out of the house of bondage, for with a strong hand hath the Lord brought you forth out of this place: that you eat no leavened bread. 4 This day you go forth in the month of new corn. 5 And when the Lord shall have brought thee into the land of the Canaanite = (Chanaanite), and the Hethite, and the Amorrhite = (Amorite), and the Hevite = (Hivites = (Hevites), and the Jebusite, which he swore to thy fathers that he would give thee, a land that flows with milk and honey, you shall celebrate this manner of sacred rites in this month. 6 Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be the solemnity of the Lord. 7 Unleavened bread shall you eat seven days: there shall not be seen any thing leavened with thee, nor in all thy coasts. 8 And you shall tell thy son in that day, saying: This is what the Lord did to me when I came forth out of Egypt. 9 And it shall be as a sign in thy hand, and as a memorial before thy eyes: and that the law of the Lord be always in thy mouth, for with a strong hand the Lord hath brought thee out of the land of Egypt. 10 you shall keep this observance at the set time from days to days. (Exodus 13:2 to 10)

11 And when the Lord shall have brought thee into the land of the Canaanite = (Chanaanite), as he swore to thee and thy fathers, and shall give it thee: 12 You shall set apart all that opens the womb for the Lord, and all that is first brought forth of thy cattle: whatsoever you shall have of the male sex, you shall consecrate to the Lord. 13 The firstborn of an ass you shall change for a sheep: and if you do not redeem it, you shall kill it. And every firstborn of men you shall redeem with a price. 14 And when thy son shall ask thee to morrow, saying: What is this? You shall answer him: With a strong hand did the Lord bring us forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 15 For when Pharaoh = (Pharao) was hardened, and would not let us go, the Lord slew every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of man to the firstborn of beasts: therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all that opens the womb of the male sex, and all the firstborn of my sons I redeem. 16 And it shall be as a sign in thy hand, and as a thing hung between thy eyes, for a remembrance: because the Lord hath brought us forth out of Egypt by a strong hand. 17 And when Pharaoh = (Pharao) had sent out the people, the Lord led them not by the way of the land of the (Philistine) = (Palestine) which is near: thinking lest perhaps they would repent, if they should see wars arise against them, and would return into Egypt. (Exodus 13:11 to 17)

4 Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord. 5 You shall love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength. 6 And these words which I command thee this day, shall be in thy heart: 7 And you shall tell them to thy children, and you shall meditate upon them sitting in thy house, and walking on thy journey, sleeping and rising. 8 And you shall bind them as a sign on thy hand, and they shall be and shall move between thy eyes. 9 And you shall write them in the entry, and on the doors of thy house. (Deuteronomy 6:4 to 9)

13 Take heed diligently lest you forget the Lord, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall fear the Lord thy God, and shall serve him only, and you shall swear by his name. 14 You shall not go after the strange gods of all the nations that are round about you: 15 Because the Lord thy God is a jealous God in the midst of thee: lest at any time the wrath of the Lord thy God be kindled against thee, and take thee away from the face of the earth. 16 You shall not tempt the Lord thy God, as you tempted him in the place of temptation. 17 Keep the precepts of the Lord thy God, and the testimonies and ceremonies which he hath commanded thee. 18 And do that which is pleasing and good in the sight of the Lord that it may be well with thee: and going in you may possess the goodly land, concerning which the Lord swore to thy fathers, 19 That he would destroy all thy enemies before thee, as he hath spoken. 20 And when thy son shall ask thee to morrow, saying: What mean these testimonies, and ceremonies and judgments, which the Lord our God hath commanded us? 21 You shall say to him: We were bondmen of Pharaoh = (Pharao) in Egypt, and the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a strong hand. 22 And he wrought signs and wonders great and very grievous in Egypt against Pharaoh = (Pharao), and his entire house, in our sight, 23 And he brought us out from thence, that he might bring us in and give us the land, concerning which he swore to our fathers. (Deuteronomy 6:13 to 23)


For more information about the structure of the Tefillin, frontlets visit this site.

The source of the following text is from this site

Frontlets - occurs only in Ex. 13:16; Deut. 6:8, and 11:18. The meaning of the injunction to the Israelites, with regard to the statues and precepts given them, that they should "bind them for a sign upon their hand, and have them as frontlets between their eyes," was that they should keep them distinctly in view and carefully attend to them. But soon after their return from Babylon they began to interpret this injunction literally, and had accordingly portions of the law written out and worn about their person. These they called tephillin, i.e., "prayers." The passages so written out on strips of parchment were these, Ex. 12:2-10; 13:11-21; Deut. 6:4-9; 11:18-21. They were then "rolled up in a case of black calfskin, which was attached to a stiffer piece of leather, having a thong one finger broad and one cubit and a half long. Those worn on the forehead were written on four strips of parchment, and put into four little cells within a square case, which had on it the Hebrew letter called shin, the three points of which were regarded as an emblem of God." This case tied around the forehead in a particular way was called "the tephillah on the head." (See PHYLACTERY .)


The Procedure for Placing the Tefillin

Take note that the source of following text is from


A Series of Halachot According to the Order of the Shulhan Aruch

Based on the Rulings of Rav Ovadia Yossef shlit"a by Rav David Yossefshlit"a, Rosh Bet Midrash "Yehaveh Da'at"

The Required Length of the Strap of the Tefillin Shel Yad

The strap of the tefillin shel yad must be long enough that it could goaround the arm be tied there, and then extend to, and be tied three timesupon, the middle finger.

The Procedure for Placing the Tefillin

After placing the tefillin on the upper arm - on the spot where the armswells, on the lower half of the upper arm - but before tying the knotaround the arm, one recites the berachah "lehani'ah tefillin." He shouldthen tie the knot around his arm. Some have the practice of wrapping thetefillin at this point also around the "titura," the wide area underneaththe tefillin box, in order that the tefillin be fastened on the arm fromboth sides. Those who follow this practice have authorities on whom torely. The Kabbalists are of the view that one should wrap the strap aroundthe "ma'abarta" so as to fasten the "yud'"-shaped knot on the tefillin tothe box. Others, however, do not follow this practice, but rather move thestrap underneath the elbow, to the forearm, immediately after fastening theknot on the upper arm. This is the practice of Rav Ovadia Yossef shlit"a.

Some have the custom of wrapping the tefillin strap three times around theupper arm underneath the box of the tefillin to form the letter "shin" ontheir upper arm. However, the dominant view of the poskim and Kabbalists isthat this practice is incorrect. It is therefore preferable not to do so.

The prevalent custom is to wrap the tefillin strap seven times on theforearm before placing the tefillin shel rosh. This is the proper practiceaccording to the view of the Kabbalists.

The custom among the Sefaradim and Eastern communities is to wrap thetefillin strap from the arm outward, while most Ashkenazi communities areaccustomed the wrapping the strap inward, towards the body. [Note: Ashkenaz = (Ascenez)]

Some authorities rule that whereas the first wrap around the arm is onlypartial, it does not count as one of the seven. Therefore, the strap shouldbe wrapped seven times after the first wrapping. Indeed, this is thepractice among the Sefaradim and Eastern communities.

After one completed wrapping the strap around his arm, he places thetefillin shel rosh on his head. Afterwards, he wraps the strap of thetefillin shel yad around his middle finger. One should first wrap the strapabove the middle knuckle, and then wrap it twice underneath the middleknuckle, towards the hand.

Although the custom among the Sefaradim and Eastern communities is to sitwhile putting on tefillin, one should stand while wrapping the strap aroundthe finger. Some have the practice while wrapping the strap around thefinger to recite the three pesukim, "V'eirastich li l'olam"; "V'eirastichli b'ssedek uv'mishpat uv'hesed uv'rahamim"; "V'eirastich li l'olam,v'yada'at et Hashem."

Some have the practice after wrapping the strap around the finger to insertthe edges of the straps from the tefillin shel rosh into their belt.

One whose middle finger has been amputated or who has a wound on thatfinger that does not allow him to wrap the strap around it, then he shouldwrap the strap instead around the finger closest to the thumb (thepointer). If his middle finger is covered by a bandage or cast, then heshould wrap the strap over the bandage or cast. Similarly, one may wrap theseven wrappings around the forearm even when it is covered by a bandage orcast.




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