religions in Index
From: Copy / Encyclopedia "Wikipedia"
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Ottoman Empire connection with Persia = "Iran" and Syria [Note: Persians = (Persia) = (Iran)]
Columns number "1 to 7" were copied from http://www.san.beck.org/1-10-Ottoman1300-1730.html
1 - Safavid Persian Empire This chapter has been published in the book Middle East & Africa to 1875.
2 - They were devoted to the one God of their Muslim religion and had no qualms about "cutting off heads" and taking booty from infidels. Even a princess could fight in battle or wrestle a prospective husband. The wisdom of Dede Korkut noted, "When a man has wealth as massive as the black mountain, he piles it up and gathers it in and seeks more, but he can eat no more than his portion.
3 - Ahmad ibn Taymiyya from the year twelve sixty three to thirteen twenty eight, was a religious critic in Syria and Egypt. He was arrested at various places for his decrees and writings, and he spent the last two years of his life in prison at Damascus. In his book on religious law he argued that Islam is greater than Judaism and Christianity, because the religious duty of commanding right and forbid wrong is made effective by the power and authority of a leader imam. Yet the ruler is morally and legally obligated to consult with others, and even the executive is subordinate to Islamic law.
4 - Orkhan defeated the Byzantine army of Andronicus III at Pleasanton in the year thirteen twenty nine and took over Nicaea two years later. Raiding in the Aegean Sea by a Turkish navy caused the Christian nations to begin planning a crusade in thirteen thirty two.
The Ottomans tolerated Christians, but only Muslims were obligated to serve in the military and thus could have tenure over non tax country.
[Note from the author of this site. This note has nothing to do with the author of this text: The Arabs name the crusaders "Salibian" which refers to the cross of Christ. The "cross" in Arabic language is "salib" therefore, the Arabs name the crusaders "Salibian" or "Salibieen" because the crusades use the cross sign on their uniforms. The Arabs consider the crusades Christians and the enemies of Islam. It is true that the European Crusades battled with the Moslems in the Middle East to liberate the holy Land Jerusalem from the Islamic invasions in the eleventh century.]
5 - The Ottomans encouraged immigration, and many nomad Turks settled in Europe. The motive of holy war in Gaza continually expanded their empire into Christian property; but they needed a legal decree fatwa from an Islamic cleric to justify attacking other Islamic people..
[Note: Grecia = (Greek) = (Greece)]
6 - When Greeks surrendered the castle at Argos to the Ottomans in year fourteen sixty three, Venice counter attacked, trigger war with the Ottoman empire that would last until year fourteen seventy nine. He tried to assassinate Mehmed II. By year fourteen sixty eight Mehmed had annexed the Anatolian territory, but in fourteen seventy one, Persian ruler Uzun Hasan invaded Anatolia and the next year joined the alliance with Venice, Cyprus, and many neighboring countries.
7 - Delayed by rains and floods, Sulayman's Ottoman army had to abandon the siege of Vienna in October fifteen twenty nine; about forty thousands Turks and twenty thousands Christians were killed in the nonsense war. http://www.san.beck.org/1-10-Ottoman1300-1730.html
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The connection of Iran, Syria, with the Ottoman Islamic Empire
The Ottoman Empire is the Ottoman Turkish:
8 - The Sublime Ottoman state, also sometimes known in the west as the Turkish Empire, existed from 1299 to 1923.
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9 - Anatolia land is the Ottoman Empire country
10 - The Sublime Ottoman State, also sometimes known in the West as the Turkish Empire, existed from 1299 to 1923. At the height of its power in the 16th and 17th centuries, its territory included Anatolia, the Middle East, parts of North Africa, and much of south eastern Europe to the Caucasus. It comprised an area of about 5.6 million kmē though if adjoining territories where the empire suzerainty was recognized, dominated mainly by nomadic tribes, are included it controlled a much larger area.
The empire interacted with both Eastern and Western cultures throughout its 624 years history.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottoman Empire was among the world's most powerful political entities,
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11 - Ottoman Turkish is the variant of the Turkish language that was used as the administrative and literary language of the Ottoman Empire.
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12 - Eliminating the ruling elite of Ottomans from the Republic
After the Turkish war of independence (1919 - 1923), the newly established Republic of Turkey presented a list of 600 names to the Conference of Lausanne. Later, a list comprising only 150 of these were included in the Treaty of Lausanne.